Tiji Festival 2025: Discover the Vibrant Celebration of Upper Mustang - Prime Himalayas


Sign Up

After creating an account, you'll be able to track your payment status, track the confirmation and you can also rate the tour after you finished the tour.
Confirm Password*
First Name*
Last Name*
Birth Date*
* Creating an account means you're okay with our Terms of Service and Privacy Statement.
Please agree to all the terms and conditions before proceeding to the next step

Already a member?


Tiji Festival 2025: Discover the Vibrant Celebration of Upper Mustang

The Tiji Festival is a captivating annual event celebrated with great joy in the remote region of Upper Mustang in Nepal. Held in May, it offers a rare opportunity to partake in one of the most revered and enriching cultural events in Upper Mustang. Moreover, traveling during the Tiji festival season will allow travelers to experience the deep-rooted, ancient Tibetan Buddhist traditions prevalent amidst the rugged terrain of Upper Mustang, Lo Manthang. This is a unique opportunity to explore the cultural heritage of the isolated region of Mustang. 

Tiji Festival celebrates a legendary conquest of good over evil, offering a rare glimpse into a culture that has remained preserved throughout the centuries. While the journey to Lo Manthang itself is an adventure, witnessing and experiencing the festival makes the journey even more significant. In 2025, this festival will be celebrated on May 24th, 25th, and 26th. This festival offers a blend of profound spirituality, persevering traditions, and the extraordinary resilience of the Mustang people, which immerses you in the breathtaking landscape of the Himalayas.

History of the Tiji Festival

The origins of the Tiji Festival date back to Tibetan Buddhist mythology and customs in the fifteenth century. The Sakya Buddhist monk Dorje Jono founded the event, whose name is taken from the phrase “tenpa chirim,” which means “prayer for world peace.” Legend has it that Dorje Jono fought his evil father to prevent the destruction of the Mustang realm. After wreaking havoc by creating turmoil and a shortage of water, Dorje Jono banished the demon, bringing peace and harmony back to the area. .

Every year, the Tiji Festival is held in May for three consecutive days to honor Dorje Jono’s legendary battle, which stands for the victory of virtue over evil. The festival takes place in the historic walled city of Lo Manthang each year. Traditionally, the monks of Lo Manthang perform the festival rituals. Over the ages, the Tiji Festival has grown to be an essential component of the Mustang people’s religious and cultural identity. 

Furthermore, it is a way to convey and maintain the distinctive cultural legacy of the area in addition to being a religious practice. Today, the festival draws both local residents and tourists from around the world who come to experience its profound spiritual and cultural importance. It is a vivid exhibition of traditional Tibetan Buddhist ceremonies, music, and dancing.

Why Do People Celebrate the Tiji Festival?

This annual festival commemorates the victory of good over evil. It symbolizes the restoration of peace in Lo Manthang and is celebrated with a vibrant display of cultural and religious heritage. Some major significance of celebrating the Tiji Festival are:

  • It purifies the region and the inhabitants from negative energy and brings fortune.
  • It helps maintain the unique Tibetian Buddhist traditions of the Upper Mustang.
  • It helps establish togetherness among the people of Mustang.
  • It aims to promote global harmony and peace through prayers and rituals.
  • It helps foster tourism by attracting international visitors and boosting local tourism and economy.
  • It is a centuries-long continuation of ancient tradition and fosters unbreakable ties with the historic past of Upper Mustang.

How is the Festival Celebrated?

The Tiji Festival is a three-day celebration held in May. Each day features unique rituals and events that showcase the festival’s spiritual and cultural significance. The festival is celebrated in the following ways:

Day 1: Celebration Starts with Offerings and Prayers

  • The monks assemble in Chode Gompa for the offerings of Vajrakila prayers.
  • The celebration continues with the sound of traditional long copper horns and the beating of drums and cymbals.
  • The ceremony showcases the enormous roll of ancient thanka paintings of figures such as Padmasambhava and two Dakinis.
  • The offering of prayers and masked dance starts from the Mustang royal palace and gradually moves to the square for the public audience.

Day 2: Ceremonial Activities Continues

  • The assembly of monks begins in the monastery with the offering of prayers to Vajrakila.
  • Ceremonial activities intensify on the second day.
  • The display of weapons and animal forms in the masked dance sequence symbolizes the warding off of evil forces.
  • The final act of slaying the demon represents the victory of good over evil.

Day 3: End of the Celebration with Ritualistic Offerings

  • Morning celebration begins with prayers and offerings by the monks.
  • Ritualistic offerings of nectar take place, which symbolizes an appeal for help from the Gods.
  • Monks perform masked dance and conclude the ritual by cutting the effigy.
  • The royal family, village representatives, and locals participate in the ritual.
  • The celebration concludes in the Mustang royal palace with the expression of gratitude and offering of prayers for good fortune for the people of Mustang.

Tiji Festival Jeep Tour

The Tiji Festival Jeep Tour takes you across Nepal’s Upper Mustang area, stopping at the historic Tiji Festival in Lo-Manthang. The itinerary includes a visit to historical places like Kagbeni and Muktinath, and an off-road jeep ride from Pokhara to Lo-Manthang. Meanwhile, as you take in the festival’s colorful rituals and mask dances, you will encounter a variety of landscapes, regional cultures, and Buddhist customs throughout the jeep tour.

Along the jeep ride, you will experience diverse terrain, from narrow ridges to barren landscapes and picturesque mountains. The duration of the jeep ride is generally 12 days but may vary depending on your travel itinerary. The jeep drive from Pokhara will take you through Kagbeni. You will make your way to Tsarang by passing through destinations such as Chhusang, Ghiling, and Ghami. Ultimately, the jeep ride from Tsarang will take you to Lo-Manthang, where you will witness and experience the vibrant Tiji Festival celebration. As the festival concludes, you will head back to Pokhara via the jeep ride. 

Highlights of the Tiji Festival Tour

Overall, the Tiji Festival tour is a spectacular way of immersing oneself in the ancient traditions of the Upper Mustang while enjoying the epic Himalayan landscape. Some major highlights of the trip include:

  • Exploration of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in Kathmandu, including Pashupatinath, Swayambhu, and Boudhanath.
  • Visit the tourist hotspots in Pokhara, including Fewa Lake, Mahendra Cave, and Peace Stupa.
  • Witness the fascinating sight of Himalayan ranges during your flight to Pokhara.
  • Experience Tibetan culture and traditions in the trans-Himalayan region of Upper Mustang.
  • Discover the breathtaking landmarks of Mustang, including the ancient caves, centuries-old monasteries, and historic archeological sites.
  • Witness and participate in the Tiji Festival and get to know the local culture up close.
  • Taste the local delicacies, such as apple pie, apple wine, and other local cuisines.
  • Visit Muktinath, a revered Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage in Mustang.
  • Experience heartwarming and welcoming hospitality in Mustang.

Tiji Festival Tour Itinerary 2025

According to the standard itinerary of the trip, the Tiji Festival takes around 2 weeks to complete. We ensure that the trip itinerary aligns with your specific travel preferences. Here is a tabular representation of our standard tour itinerary:

18 May 2025Arrival at Kathmandu, pick up from airport and drive to hotel, check in at hotel, overnight stay at hotel
19 May 2025Guided and private sightseeing tour of Kathmandu, evening orientation meeting with guide, overnight stay at hotel
20 May 2025After breakfast, 4-wheel private drive to Pokhara (800m), overnight stay at hotel
21 May 2025After breakfast, drive to Tatopani (1341m), overnight stay at lodge
22 May 2025After breakfast, drive to Kagbeni (2810m) via Jomsom and Muktinath, overnight stay at lodge
23 May 2025After breakfast, drive to Charang (3560m), overnight stay at lodge
24 May 2025After breakfast, drive to Lo Manthang (3810m), explore 1st day of Tiji Festival, overnight stay at lodge
25 May 2025Explore 2nd day of Tiji Festival, overnight stay at lodge
26 May 2025Explore 3rd and final day of Tiji Festival, overnight stay at lodge
27 May 2025After breakfast, drive to Jomsom (2720m), overnight stay at lodge
28 May 2025After breakfast, drive to Pokhara (800m), overnight stay at hotel
29 May 2025After breakfast, drive to Kathmandu (1300m), check in at hotel, farewell dinner, overnight stay at hotel
30 May 2025Breakfast and drop off at airport for onward journey, trip is over

Tailor Your Tiji Festival Trek with Us
The Tiji Festival offers a unique cultural experience in Upper Mustang. Don’t miss this opportunity! Let our travel experts craft the perfect itinerary for you. Contact us today to customize your dream adventure!

Tiji Festival Dates for 2025

Since the Tiji Festival season welcomes a large number of travelers from around the world, it is essential to book your trip in advance to ensure a comfortable and hassle-free travel experience. In 2025, the celebration dates for the Tiji festival are the 24th, 25th, and 26th of May. Aligning with the festival dates, Prime Himalayas offers the following trip dates for booking:

Tiji Festival via Jeep

Tiji Festival Trip Start DatesTiji Festival Trip End Dates
 18 May 2025 30 May 2025


Enjoy the splendor of the Tiji Festival in 2025 with Prime Himalayas, your number one option for an exciting, safe, and stress-free travel experience. Prime Himalayas, which specializes in planning Mustang tours, makes sure that every detail of your vacation is perfect. If you are planning for the Upper Mustang Trek, you can extend your trek to witness the Tiji Festival.

Our knowledgeable and experienced local guides make sure you get a close-up experience at the festival. Our travel experts will help finalize your perfect itinerary. Don’t miss this once-in-a-lifetime experience; reserve your seat in advance to guarantee a hassle-free journey. Get in touch with us right now for additional details on available tour dates!

Leave a Reply

By Category

Plan Your Trip